Forum for Health Policy publishes policy briefs, knowledge summaries and recommendations in key areas identified by the organization. The three main areas are Digitalization, Person-centered care and Effectiveness/Use of Resources. The texts are often concluded with suggestions for action and particularly important advice to decision makers. Listed below are English summaries of some of the reports and links to the full versions in Swedish.
Study trip to England 2018 (in English and Swedish)
In the end of April a delegation from Forum for Health Policy travelled to England to meet with the well renowned think tanks Nuffield Trust and the Health Foundation. The delegation also visited the nurse led practice Cuckoo Lane Practice and online doctor Babylon Health. In this report we publish an interviews with Health Foundation´s Tim Gardner and with Cuckoo Lane Practice´s Julie Belton, as well as a blog by the founder of Babylon Health, Ali Parsa (introductions and summaries are in Swedish, but interviews in English).
Successes and barriers for innovation in healthcare (in English)
What are the barriers for innovation in healthcare, what makes it successful and what can we learn from each other? These were the main issues on an exclusive seminar, organised by Forum for Health Policy on the 7th of March, in collabora- tion with the embassies and chambers of commerce of the Netherlands and Switzerland.
Innovation in healthcare is necessary to successfully provide healthcare at a lower cost with higher quality for an increasing number of patients. In Europe, each coun- try has its own healthcare and innovation system with different characteristics, but they often face similar problems – technological, sociological, systemic and legal. Patients and patient associations are engaged in innovation, entrepreneurs are ea- ger to participate and improve the system and many healthcare systems try new ways of stimulating innovation.
During the seminar researchers, entrepreneurs, patient representatives and officials from all three countries were invited to give their view on innovation in healthcare from their experiences and different perspectives.
A common denominator, irrespective of whose perspective, is that more cooperation is required. Patients want to be more actively involved in innovation processes, entrepreneurs need closer contacts with both clinics and patients in order to design products and services according to needs and health care providers need the ex- pertise and knowledge from both entrepreneurs and patients. On an organisational level it is clear that the system is lagging behind and needs to be modernised, for example when it comes to regulations and reimbursement systems. There is also a need for more coordination and a systematic approach to both the innovation and the implementation process.
Strengthen dialogue and collaboration between different actors
Involve patients in innovation and implementation
Enhance reimbursement systems
Strengthen the IT infrastructure
Facilitate clinical trials
Use innovation and new technologies to focus more on prevention
Make it easier for healthcare and entrepreneurs to work together
To compare is to learn and to develop. Benchmarking between various health care organisations is of great value in order to pinpoint areas of improvement. On the 19th of February 2017 Forum for Health Policy arranged a workshop in collaboration with the Embassies and Chambers of Commerce for the Netherlands and Switzerland with the topic of what we can learn from each other. Ines Coppoolse, Ambassador, Nether- lands and Christian Schoenenberger, Ambassador, Switzerland opened the workshop by welcoming the speakers and the audience. Anders Morin, vice chairman of Forum, gave an extensive presentation with comparisons of quality, costs, accessibility, patient involvement etc. from various sources (OECD, European Health Consumer Index, Common Wealth Fund etc.). ere are three main areas where Sweden is falling back; accessibility, coordination in health care and patient involvement. Professor Niko- la Biller-Andorno from the University of Zürich and Professor Patrick Jeurrisen from the Radboud University of Netherlands presented features and current challenges from the two countries. e panel consisted of representatives with deep knowledge of health care. Many important issues were being discussed, for example the coordination of health care, patient involvement and insurance companies’ roles on the health care market. Peter Graf, chairman of Forum for Health Policy, closed the seminar by stressing the importance of learning from each other.
Integrated health and social care (in Swedish)
There are about one million individuals in Sweden (approximately 10% of the population) that have several simultaneous health care needs, and who also have reduced capacity to coordinate their own health and care services. While many of these individuals receive care from informal caregivers – typically family members or neighbors – coordinating services for patients remains a major challenge for the health and care services. Cur- rently, counties are in charge of health care and municipalities are in charge of care of elderly. Both are more focused on single operations than on people with more complex and extensive needs. For these, it is of utmost importance that the services are matched well. Insu cient coordination is detrimental to patients, and lowers the quality of care or care services. ese shortcomings might also lead to higher costs, for example due to un- necessary repetitions of treatments or examinations. Forum for Health Policy has pointed out this important issue for many years.
On the 13th of February 2017 Forum for Health Policy arranged a workshop on ”E cient coordinated health care and social services. Is it possible?” It was attended by more than 100 participants including patient representatives, politicians, trade unions, administrators in leading positions, health care organisations and elder care organisa- tions, researchers and others. In-depth discussions focused on key recommendations for improving coordination between counties and municipalities. A follow-up round- table discussion took place on the 7th of March to analyse the discussions from the work- shop. Based on the conclusions from the workshop, the roundtable discussions, as well as valuable input from our research network, Forum draws the following ve recommendations. Some of the recommendations are general while others are more speci c. However, all of them are essential in order to improve e ciency in coordinating health care and elderly care.
• Make it possible for the patients to choose between private and public caregivers who organise both health care and social services.
• Enhance reimbursement systems with incentives for integration of care and social services are needed that support the patient’s needs.
• Strengthen the IT infrastructure to facilitate information and communication be- tween health care providers as well as between health care providers and elderly care. Make it easier for eHealth entrepreneurs to share and develop new ideas that improve patients’ care.
• Implement mobile health care teams to a larger extent than today, preferably in a close cooperation between counties and municipalities.
• Improve the patient discharge process from elective care at the hospitals (where the counties are responsible) to the elderly care (where the local municipalities are responsible).
Big Data (in Swedish)
The amount of data we routinely generate and collect in every day life has increased rapidly as well as our ability to use technology to analyze and understand it. The intersection of these trends is what we call “Big Data”. Using big data in the development of health care holds out the promise of major advance in the day-to-day operational dimensions of clinical procedures, pharmaceutical dosing, preventive health strategies and social care development. These new data capabilities also, however, trigger fears among individual patients and citizens that their personal data will be misused and/or made public.
The value of Big Data in healthcare and the challenges concerning privacy and integrity was discussed at a workshop organized by Forum for Health Policy and the Swedish Agency for Health and Care Services Analysis in September 2016.
Several interesting presentations shed light on various aspects. e keynote speaker Peeter Ross, professor of e-health of Tallinn University of Technology presented an overview of the development in Estonia. is Baltic country has been at the forefront of developing a single national electronic medical record system that meets di cult security and trust conditions. Individual citizens have direct immediate access to the electronic medical record over the internet and they must explicitly approve each in- dividual or organization that is given access to their information. e same individual electronic record, because it is attached to a national electronic backbone (the so-called “X-Road”), enables individuals to vote electronically in elections etc.
The Swedish Agency for Health and Care Services Analysis underlined that more know- ledge is needed about how patients, users and citizens perceive and relate to privacy issues. A survey on the topic will be presented in mid 2017.
Several recommendations can be made for successful use of big data in the digitalization of health care in Sweden. These include:
• A regionally coordinated e ort
• Strong leadership
• Targeted use of private sector capacities
• Improvement of quality assurance
• Improvement in focus on patient’s needs, privacy and preferences • Increased cooperation on European and international level
More policy briefs (in Swedish):